Days to Full Maturity: 120 Days
Non-GMO – Heirloom – High Germination Rate
Minimum Seed Count: 175
The young leaves of Cumin make a tasty addition to salads, and its spicy seeds are a well-known spice to add flavor to your recipes. Cumin seeds provide essential minerals such as iron, manganese, calcium, and magnesium. Infusions made with cumin seeds have been used to treat digestive problems, congestion, and fever; the essential oil of cumin contains valuable antiseptic and antibacterial properties and can be helpful to skin disorders. Cumin flowers are fragrant and will attract friendly insects that can help in controlling small pests. Since cumin flowers are shallow and arranged in an umbel, they attract predatory insects like parasitoid wasps and ladybird beetles. Plant cumin near crops that attract caterpillars or aphids to help control those pests. Although cumin can control pests in the garden, it also grows well in containers like most herbs.
How to grow:
To start the plants indoors, plant the seed in peat pots 4-6 weeks before the last spring frost date; place in a sunny window, or provide heat. For improved germination, soak the seeds for 8 hours before planting. The seeds should germinate in 7-14 days. Transplant or direct sow about a week after the last frost, when the soil has warmed. Cumin grows best in well-drained, fertile soil and full sun. Plant the seeds 1/4″ deep and 4″ apart in rows 18″ apart, thinning the seedlings to 8″ apart as soon as they develop leaves. Water the cumin plants regularly, letting the soil dry between waterings. Keep weeds under control, and watch out for insect pests such as aphids.
How to harvesting:
Cumin has a longer growing season than most herbs, taking 120 days to mature. As soon as seed heads can be seen but before they fall from the seed head, it is time to harvest. Cut the entire stem and then hang upside down in a paper bag or over a container that will catch the seeds as they fall out. Harvest the leaves whenever they are large enough to be used in a salad. Cumin seeds can then be used ground up or whole.