As Paul Revere said “ Winter is coming!!! Winter is coming!!! “ or was that the British? Whatever it was I know that we all really enjoyed growing herbs this season and as winter creeps in we want to continue adding that same summer freshness to our dishes. Well, guess what? You can bring your herb garden indoors for the winter, or if you prefer all year, by planting a windowsill herb garden. It may not be as easy to grow herbs indoors and outside in a garden, but many herb plants grow considerably well in containers and need only minimal care. However, there are a couple of extra considerations, when growing them indoors.
The most important is to first ensure they get sufficient sun to grow lush and healthy.
Next, ensure that you have enough herbs to really enjoy a good harvest and can really enjoy using it in your cooking if your window ledge is large enough for larger planters or pots go for it if you have a little window ledge like mind you might have to settle with smaller pots.
Steps For Success
- Make sure you have a sunny windowsill, where your herbs will survive. A south or southwest window would be perfect if it gets at least 6 hours of sun per day and is away from drafts. If you don’t have a reliably sunny window, you will need to provide some type of plant lighting. Lack of enough sunshine will leave you with spindly, stressed plants, with little flavor.
- Purchase some of your favorite small herb plants or seed packets from concretegardenseeds. I love starting from seed because it’s a less expensive alternative and its fun to see the process of growing. Just a heads up growing from seeds needs a little more care and it will be several weeks before you can start harvesting them.
- If you are beginning with plants, get a pot that is at least 6-12 inches deep. You can plant multiple herbs in a wide or long pot or use at least a 6-inch pot for individual plants. Seeds don’t require a large pot. You can start them in any small container and move them into their permanent pot when they are 2 – 4 inches tall. Similar to outdoor container gardening, make sure your containers have plenty of drainages. Also, ensure that you have a saucer under them, so you don’t ruin your windowsill or furniture.
- I recommend using a soilless potting mix to avoid diseases that may be soil born. Be sure the mix is light and will be well-draining. Don’t try to use soil from the garden. Regular soil compresses over time, making it difficult for water to pass through.
- For herb plants, start by putting a 2-3 inch layer of potting mix into the bottom of your container. If you are worried about soil coming out of the bottom holes, you can cover them with a small coffee filter. Don’t use anything that could block the holes entirely.
- Carefully remove the herb plant from its original pot and gently loosen the roots. Place your herb plants in the new container, with the roots flared out.
- Finish filling in with the potting mix, firming gently around the plants. Leave about an inch at the top of the container for watering. Water immediately after planting, to help the plants settle.
- To start herb seeds, fill each container with a dampened potting mix, to about 1 inch from the rim. Sprinkle 3 – 5 seeds on top of the soil. Cover the seeds with a dusting of potting mix and pat down gently. Cover with a plastic bag, to retain moisture. For more detailed instructions, here’s a step-by-step guide for starting seeds
- Keep the soil moist, until you see the seedlings poking through. At that point, remove the plastic and continue watering whenever the soil feels dry. Be sure the seedlings are receiving plenty of suns and rotate the container daily, so they grow straight.
- Water herb plants sparingly. Herbs don’t like to sit in wet soil. Drain the saucers, when excess water accumulates. Test to see if the containers need water by poking your finger into the soil. If it feels dry an inch or two below the surface, it’s time to water. If not, let them be. Although outdoor plants tend to need more water in the summer, indoor plants can dry out quickly when the heat is on in the winter.
Always try and water until the excess drains out of the bottom of the container. If you repeatedly give your indoor plants just a splash of water, the salts in the water can build-up in the soil. When this happens, you’ll start to see a white film on the outside of the pot. Thoroughly flushing water through the container, until it drains out the bottom, will prevent salt build-up
- Feed your herbs every other month with a fertilizer labeled for use on edibles. Start by using it at only about 1/2 the recommended strength. Herbs have a more concentrated flavor if they are grown without a lot of fertilizer. If you are seeing a lot of wispy, delicate growth, lessen the amount or frequency of fertilizer. If your plants look like they are struggling, give them a bit more. You will need to adjust your fertilizer schedule with the seasons. In general, they will grow slower in winter than in summer and will need less food than.
- Allow the plants some time to acclimate to their new home. Once you start seeing new growth, you can start using your herbs. With most herbs, you can snip 2 – 3 inches of the tips off, to encourage more branching. For bushy herbs, like parsley and cilantro, you can cut entire stems from the outside of the plants. New growth will fill in.
- Fluorescent lights can be used if you don’t have a sunny window. They will need to be placed close to the plants (within 18 inches) and kept on for about 10 hours/day, to make up for their lack of intensity.
- Snip and use your plants often to encourage them to grow full and bushy. Once the plants are at least 6 inches tall, don’t be afraid to use your herbs. The more you snip, the bushier they’ll become.
- Never trim more than 1/3 of the plant’s foliage. Pruning more than that can stress the plant and cause it to start to decline.
- Start seeds of new plants to replace the ones you are using. No plant lives forever and many herbs, like basil and dill, are actually annual plants that will try to go to seed within 4 – 6 months. Don’t fight it, just replace them with new, vigorous plants, the way you would in an outdoor garden.